ALONG with antivirus, installing anti-spyware programme and firewall is also a must. Cyber Security Malaysia provides some fundamental tips to stay safe online.
1. Delete junk e-mails without opening them and never open an e-mail attachment from someone you don't know.
2. Avoid using public or shared computers to access financial accounts online
3. When doing online banking, keep your password and PIN code safe and change them regularly. If you conduct transactions in a number of web sites use different passwords for each.
4. Never click on the link in e-mail messages from "banks". Manually key-in URL addresses into the browser's address bar.
5. Never share information that is highly sensitive and degrading on public domains.
6. Be careful when giving out personal information on a website, via e-mail, instant messaging, chat rooms or on message boards.
7. Monitor your children's online activities. Communicate with your children and ask them to share their online experiences.
8. Never assume a public wireless network is secure.
9. When peer-to-peer (P2P) file-sharing, adjust the file-sharing software's control so that it is not connected to the P2P network all the time.
10. If your mobile device is equipped with Bluetooth, turn it off. Only accept incoming data from a source you trust.
11. Don't believe everything you read online. Fraud artists often float false information and hot tips as part of their efforts to con investors.
Beware of common phrases usually used in phishing emails:
1. "Verify your account" - a trick to get your online account information.
2. "Dear Valued customer" - a salutation instead of addressing specific customer.
3. "Click the link below to update your account information" - a trick to direct you to a phishing site.
4. "Please provide your username and password" - a trick to gain your username and password.
5. "You have won" - a trick to gain your trust to follow the instructions in the e-mail.